The Supreme Court Rule on Provisional Orders A.M. No. 02-11-12-SC enumerates the procedures that our Family Court judges must follow on these issues of custody, amount of financial support and Hold Departure Orders for children. Please take note that:
(1) This Rule became effective in 2003 or before RA 9262 “Anti-Violence Against Women and Their Children Act of 2004” became effective in 2004; and
(2) This Rule applies specifically to petitions for declaration of absolute nullity of void marriage or for annulment of voidable marriage, or for legal separation.
RA 9262 has its own Implementing Rules and Regulations and Rule on Violence Against Women and Their Children A.M. No. 04-10-11-SC. The speakers (active and retired Family Court judges) in the MCLE seminars I am attending say that they also use the Rule on Provisional Orders as guidelines in granting orders in RA 9262 cases whenever appropriate.
With regards Hold Departure Orders for children, Section 6 of the Supreme Court Rule on Provisional Orders states:
Pending resolution of the petition, no child of the parties shall be brought out of the country without prior order from the court.
The court, motu proprio or upon application under oath, may issue ex-parte a hold departure order, addressed to the Bureau of Immigration and Deportation, directing it not to allow the departure of the child from the Philippines without the permission of the court.
The Family Court issuing the hold departure order shall furnish the Department of Foreign Affairs and the Bureau of Immigration and Deportation of the Department of Justice a copy of the hold departure order issued within twenty-four hours from the time of its issuance and through the fastest available means of transmittal.
The hold-departure order shall contain the following information:
(a) the complete name (including the middle name), the date and place of birth, and the place of last residence of the person against whom a hold-departure order has been issued or whose departure from the country has been enjoined;
(b) the complete title and docket number of the case in which the hold departure was issued;
(c) the specific nature of the case; and
(d) the date of the hold-departure order.
If available, a recent photograph of the person against whom a hold-departure order has been issued or whose departure from the country has been enjoined should also be included,
The court may recall the order, motu proprio or upon verified motion of any of the parties after summary hearing, subject to such terms and conditions as may be necessary for the best interests of the child.